Install Jellyfin on Ubuntu

Install Jellyfin on Ubuntu

Jellyfin is an open source media library management and streaming platform, similar to Plex. This document will guide you through the process of installing and configuring Jellyfin on your Server running Ubuntu.

Install Jellyfin

1. Run updates and upgrade packages:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

2. Install and enable HTTPS transport for APT:

sudo apt install apt-transport-https

3. Enable the Universe repository for all of the ffmpeg dependencies:

sudo add-apt-repository universe

4. Import the GPG signing keys for Jellyfin:

wget -O - https://repo.jellyfin.org/ubuntu/jellyfin_team.gpg.key | sudo apt-key add -

5. Run the following command to create the jellyfin.list file:

sudo touch /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jellyfin.list

6. Add the Jellyfin apt repository to the server:

echo "deb [arch=$( dpkg --print-architecture )] https://repo.jellyfin.org/ubuntu $( lsb_release -c -s ) main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jellyfin.list

7. Run updates and upgrade packages:

sudo apt update && sudo apt install jellyfin

Configure Jellyfin

  1. Open a Web Browser and navigate to http://<your-ip>:8096/
  2. Proceed through the rest of the setup leaving everything on default.
  3. Once configured, navigate to the Network Tab under Settings.

3. Update your Base URL to the URL you wish to access Jellyfin from. Change the Secure connection mode to Handled by reverse proxy and ensure that Enable automatic port mapping is ticked. Save the changes.


Create a Reverse Proxy

This reverse proxy will be setup through Apache.

1. Install Apache with the following command:

sudo apt install apache2

2. Enable proxy settings for Apache with the following commands:

sudo a2enmod proxy
sudo a2enmod proxy_http

3. Open a new virtual host file for the reverse proxy. Replace 'example.com' with the domain name to be setup.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/jellyfin.example.com.conf

Past the following Apache virtual host configuration in the file. Replace jellyfin.example.com with the domain/sub-domain to be setup.

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName DOMAIN_NAME

    # Uncomment for HTTP to HTTPS redirect
    # Redirect permanent / https://DOMAIN_NAME

    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/DOMAIN_NAME-error.log
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/DOMAIN_NAME-access.log combined
</VirtualHost>

# Uncomment this section after you have acquired a SSL Certificate
# If you are not using a SSL certificate, replace the 'redirect'
# line above with all lines below starting with 'Proxy'
#<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
#<VirtualHost *:443>
#    ServerName DOMAIN_NAME
#
#    ProxyPreserveHost On
#
#    ProxyPass "/socket" "ws://SERVER_IP_ADDRESS:8096/socket"
#    ProxyPassReverse "/socket" "ws://SERVER_IP_ADDRESS:8096/socket"
#
#    ProxyPass "/" "http://SERVER_IP_ADDRESS:8096/"
#    ProxyPassReverse "/" "http://SERVER_IP_ADDRESS:8096/"
#
#    SSLEngine on
#    SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/DOMAIN_NAME/fullchain.pem
#    SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/DOMAIN_NAME/privkey.pem
#    Protocols h2 http/1.1
#
#    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/DOMAIN_NAME-error.log
#    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/DOMAIN_NAME-access.log combined
#</VirtualHost>
#</IfModule>

4. Enable the configuration file:

sudo a2ensite jellyfin.example.com.conf

5. Restart Apache to fully enable the new settings:

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Setup Let's Encrypt

1. Ensure Ports 80 and 443 have been opened by your ISP. Ensure that you have not applications that are exposed to Ports 80 and 443 that have security vulnerabilities. Open Ports 80 and 443 on your router.

2. Install Certbot for Apache using the following command:

sudo apt install python3-certbot-apache

3. Run the following command to obtain and install a Let's Encrypt Certificate. Make sure to replace your email and domain in place of the example below:

sudo certbot --apache --agree-tos --redirect --hsts --staple-ocsp --email you@example.com -d jellyfin.example.com

4. Once installed successfully, open up your Apache Config File for Jellyfin and uncomment the lines pertaining to the SSL Certificate. Save the file and run the following command:

sudo systemctl restart apache2

5. Navigate to your chosen domain. Your Jellyfin instance should be successfully secured.

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